In 2021, construction companies will continue to deal with labour shortages, and they need to turn to innovative methods to accelerate home construction and meet their clients’ requirements.
What for you started as a lazy Sunday afternoon plan during the pandemic, it will take the constructor a couple of months to complete because the construction process isn’t a facile one, especially in 2021. But because you’re excited to see your house growing from start to finish, you want to be part of the process, which implies working together with the builder. From pouring the foundation to framing and furnishing, you can play a role in the process of building your house. But if this is the first house you build, you may have no idea what to expect from. This article is created especially for you because it outlines the typical steps a builder would take in 2021 to construct a house. However, keep in mind that the process can vary from a region to another, and your constructor will present you with an elaborate plan.
Step one – prepare the construction site and pour the foundation
After you buy the land where you want to build your house, you need to obtain permits from the local government for everything from home construction to grading, zoning, plumbing, and electrical work. The construction begins only after you acquire all these permits.
The construction company can perform both site preparation and foundation work, but this requires you to hire a specialised firm in both services. The crew clears the site, levels the soil, digs trenches and holes, and puts up wooden forms to create a house template. When the foundation curing is complete, an inspector visits the site to determine if the components are installed correctly and up to the local code.
Step two – complete rough framing
During this step, the walls, floor, and roof are completed and create the skeleton of your future house. Expect during this phase spider lift equipment to be present on-site because constructors use highly performant machines to accelerate construction. Depending on what materials you prefer to use for your house, oriented strand board or plywood sheathing can also be applied to the windows, roof, and exterior walls during this step. Once the process is complete, the constructor will use a protective material known as house wrap to cover the structure to prevent liquids from infiltrating the structure and allow water vapours to escape. It’s vital not to skip this step because it prevents mould growth and wood rot.
Step three – install electrical HVAC and rough plumbing
At this point, you can see the house’s shape and figure out where you want to install the electrical and plumbing systems. After the shell is completed, the builder will start working on the roofing and siding. While they do it, a specialised team will install wires and pipes through the interior walls, floors, and ceilings. They also put in place tub units and other heavy objects. The HVAC vent pipes are places in the roof, and insulation is added to the walls. HVAC ducts and plumbing are installed before wiring because it’s easier to manoeuvre wires around ducts than the other way around. After the constructor installs roofing, the house is labelled as dried in, and the electricians can install receptacles for switches, lights, and outlets.
Step four – house insulation
Insulation is essential for building a comfortable and energy efficient house. Most houses are insulated in exterior walls, floors, and attics, but the constructor may recommend adding extra insulation depending on your location. The most common types of insulation are foam, cellulose, and fibreglass. The region and construction materials can influence the kind of insulation you must use.
Step five – complete interior and exterior finishes
The builder will hang and tape the drywall to cover the seams between the boards. They’ll also apply the first coat of paint and work on the exterior finishes like siding, stone, stucco, or brick. While a team works on the house’s exterior, another will install window sills, door casings, baseboards, doors, stair balusters and other similar accessories. You’ll want to spend as much time as possible on-site to provide the team with directions and supervise their work. It’s important to share your preferences with the constructor and thoughts before purchasing and installing the appliances and materials.
Once the finish coat is added to the walls, they can apply wallpaper if you prefer so.
Discuss with your builder if they create the patio, walkways, and driveways at this step or expect until the project’s end. Only they can decide when the ideal moment to pour the driveway is because the heavy equipment present on site like delivery trucks can damage the concrete.
Step six – install floors and countertops
This is one of the first fun steps of building a house because you get to pick the materials and watch as the house comes to life. Wood flooring, countertops, and tile are installed in the kitchen, bathroom, and other house rooms. The constructor will also work on the exterior to ensure they install proper drainage to direct the water away from the house and prepare the yard for landscaping.
Step seven – install bathroom fixtures
If you want to create a spa-like bathroom, this is the moment to step in and guide the construction team. Work with an interior designer to create the bathroom of your dreams, and ask them to work with the construction team to ensure they’re on the same page. Now that tile is already set, the faucets, toilets, and sinks can also be put in place.
Step eight – exterior landscaping and last-minute details
Before bringing the furniture in, the contractor will install the shower doors, mirrors, and carpeting to create the perfect canvas for furnishing the house. They’ll also complete the exterior landscape and plant the grass, shrubs, and trees you prefer to create a welcoming exterior.
After this step, the real fun begins because you get to pick furniture and decorations.